The Žugelj household at Zilje 18 is named according to the surname of the family that lived there for many generations. There is evidence of an inheritance of a vinyard by a Mikula Žugelj upon the death of Kristof Purgstall in 1587, then owner of Pobrežje Castle. This coincides nicely with oral tradition: a Žugelj was bequeathed land in Zilje by his employer, the count of the Pobrežje Castle near Adlešiči. This Žugelj was a gardener for the Count, and this part of the story is supported by the arrangement of fruit trees around the Žugelj household. Other households in Zilje had fruit trees planted sporadically around the house, but at the Žuglji they are arranged in rows, as they would be if planted by someone who was a gardener by trade. The oldest record we have for a person living here is for Nikolaj Žugelj, who was likely not born in Zilje, but most likely in Dobravice (near Metlika) in ca. 1728. The surname remained Žugelj until the early 1900s, and the household was abandoned by the family in the mid 1900s.
The oldest record we have for an individual from this household is for Nikolaj Žugelj. He was living in Zilje likely with at least 2 children from his first marriage (which did not take place in Zilje) including:
1A. Jure Žugelj, m. 1774 to Bare Starešinič (Pečova) — they remained at this house
1B. Marko Žugelj b. ca. 1773, m. 1793 to Dora Balkovec from Balkovci — they remained at this house
Nikolaj Žugelj m. 1780 to his second wife Mare Karin from Podklanec. They had at least 4 children, including:
1D. Ive Žugelj b. 1788, m. 1809 to Ane Jaketič (Šoštarova) — they remained at this house
1C. Ane Žugelj b. 1792
Nikolaj Žugelj d. 1803.
Jure Žugelj [1A] and Bare Starešinič had at least one child:
2A. Nikolaj Žugelj b. 1785
Marko Žugelj [1B] and Dora Balkovec had at least 5 children, including:
2B. Kata Žugelj b. 1795, m. 1815 to Marko Joh from Johi
2C. Bare Žugelj b. 1810
Ive Žugelj [1D] and Ane Jaketič had at least 8 children, including:
2D. Ive Žugelj b. 1813, m. 1837 to Mare Starešinič from Preloka 19 — they remained at this house
2E. Ane Žugelj b. 1816, m. 1837 to Miha Ivanovič from Balkovci 21 — they lived in Pavlini
2F. Jure Žugelj b. 1819, served in the miliary
2G. Mare Žugelj b. 1830, m. 1852 to Ive Tahija from Glavica 3
Bare Žugelj [2C] had at least 3 illegitimate children, including:
3A. Bare Žugelj b. 1846, d. 1915 at the Moravci
Ive Žugelj [2D], according to oral tradition, was a teacher. He and Mare Starešinič had at least 9 children, including:
3B. Jože Žugelj b. 1838, m. 1863 to Kata Žalec (Brdarova) — they remained at this house
3G. Magda Žugelj b. 1859, m. 1880 to Miha Starešinič (Žugljovkin from Preloka) — they lived at Preloka 22
Jože Žugelj [3B] and Kata Žalec had 2 children, both died young.
Jože Žugelj [3B] m. 1866 to his second wife Jelka Čemas (Majiščarka). They had 4 children, all died young.
Jože Žugelj [3B] had 3 illegitimate children with Jelka Cvetaš during his marriage to Jelka Čemas. All these children died young.
Jože Žugelj [3B] m. 1876 to Jelka Čadonič (Gornja Mihelova) and had at least 10 children, including:
4A. Mare Žugelj b. 1877, m. 1897 to Jože Žunič (Karocin from Žuniči) — they lived at the Karocini
4B. Mate Žugelj b. 1879, m. 1905 to Bare Cvetaš (Dolnja Cvetaševa) — they remained at this house
4C. Peter Žugelj b. 1883, moved to Pittsburgh, USA in 1905, m. 1905 to Kata Pavlaković (Krznarova) from Vukova Gorica 2 — they lived in Pittsburgh until 1914, then moved to Podklanec 4
4D. Bare Žugelj b. 1889, moved to Pittsburgh in 1905, m. ca. 1907 to Frank Gašparič — they remained in Pittsburgh
4E. Kata Žugelj b. 1891, moved to Pittsburgh in 1909, m. to Franc Plantan — they remained in Pittsburgh
4F. Magda Žugelj b. 1893, moved to Pittsburgh in 1912, m. ca. 1913 to Jože Vidina — they remained in Pittsburgh
4G. Mihat Žugelj b. 1895, moved to Pittsburgh in 1914, m. to Franca Starešinič from Preloka 17 — they remained in Pittsburgh
Jože Žugelj [3C] was likely more educated than the average person living in Zilje, since his father was, apparently, a teacher. In this article from the June 17th, 1879 edition of the Slovenec newspaper, we see that Jože Žugelj [3C] was one of eight selected to elect a national representative to the Austrian House of Deputies (Abgeordnetenhaus). Only men 25 years or older who paid a set minimum in property taxes would be allowed to vote (approximately 6% of the population).
Jože Žugelj [3C], according to oral tradition, also had a tavern at the Žuglji, where he would also forcibly detain individuals who could not pay. It seems he was a person who wielded a relatively good amount of power in town: his two illegitimate children were recorded as legitimate in the church records. He was also likely an alcoholic, which resulted in surmounting indebtedness. By the time Jože [3C] died in 1897, he had lost ownership of the family farm.
As a result, Mate Žugelj [4B] did not inherit any land. In order to buy the land back from creditors, he began to travel to the USA in 1896, and worked in Pittsburgh on and off for many years, saving up money to buy back the family farm.
Mate Žugelj [4B] and Bare Cvetaš had at least 6 children, including:
5A. Mare Žugelj b. 1907, m. 1926 to Ivan Langer (Brezovina 32).
5B. Bare Žugelj b. 1914 — she remained at this house
Peter Žugelj [4C] and Kata Pavlaković had at least 6 children in Pittsburgh, including:
5B. Barbara Zugel b. 1906
5C. Katarina Zugel b. 1907
5D. Helen Zugel b. 1909
5E. Ana Zugel b. 1910
5E. Mary Zugel b. 1911
5F. Peter Zugel b. 1912
After moving to Podklanec Peter Žugelj [4C] and Kata Pavlaković had at least 6 more children, including:
5G. Ivanka Žugelj b. 1914
5H. Rozika Žugelj b. 1915
5I. Angela Žugelj b. 1916
5J. Rosa Žugelj b. 1917
5K. Jože Žugelj b. 1918
Bare Žugelj [4D] and Frank Gašparič had at least 9 children in Pittsburgh, including:
5L. Frank Gaspar b. 1908, d. 1924
5M. John Gaspar b. 1913
5N. Louis Gaspar b. 1919
5O. Bernie Gaspar b. 1920